A newly built public toilet in Kumasi, Ghana, pictured on January 24, 2011, helps contribute to a higher level of cleanliness and sanitation in the area. Most public toilets, like this one, are built by private businesses and charge a small fee.

UNICEF said in Abuja on Thursday that 14,000 Nigerian communities have attained open defecation free status within the eight years of its intervention via the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Programme.

Mr Kanaar Nadar, UNICEF’s Chief Officer in charge of Water Sanitation and Hygiene, who said the intervention covered 200,000 communities, stated that poor persons were 36 times more likely to defecate in the open than rich individuals “due to the disproportionate distribution of wealth in the society’’.

He challenged stakeholders to develop simple, better and cost effective messages that would enable more Nigerians to change their behaviours towards hygiene promotion.

Nadar noted that Nigeria was a signatory to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, hence the need to deliberately remove barriers to sanitation and hygiene problems in the country.

The UNICEF official said that Nigeria could achieve its target of meeting the National Roadmap of Ending Open defecation by 2030, “if it puts policies in place to encourage behavioural change in sanitation and hygiene’’.

He said that the agency had carried out a survey in some selected communities, and observed that there was a gap between knowledge and attitude in hygiene promotion practice.

“Such situation could be reduced with proper hygiene promotion messages,” he stressed.

He noted that Nigeria was known for having sanitary inspectors, who carried out enforcement of hygiene practices in the past.

“But the inspectors did not appear to have the needed encouragement; such practise should be encouraged by all to reduce possible outbreak of preventable diseases,” he said.

According to him, Nigeria needs to scale up its hygiene promotion strategies to enable hygiene to become a social norm.

Author: Cerebral Lemon