27 August 2016
The world’s first five marine reserves are bigger than Nigeria’s size of 923,768 square kilometres.
World leaders are determined to preserve these marine reserves where there will be no fishing and human activity kept to the barest minimum.
U.S. President Barack Obama will create the largest marine reserve in the world by expanding the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument off the coast of Hawaii, reports Jenny Soffel, Website Editor at the World Economic Forum.
The Hawaiian marine sanctuary was created in 2006 by President George W. Bush.
It will now quadruple in size, to cover 1.5 million square kilometres of the Pacific Ocean. That’s twice the size of Texas.
Commercial fishing will also be banned.
Around the world, there are more than 6,500 protected areas of seas, oceans or large lakes.
Here are the 10 biggest.
- Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, United States (Hawaii and the Midway Atoll) – 1,510,000 square kilometres
- Natural Park of the Coral Sea, New Caledonia (France) – 1,292,967 square kilometres
- Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, United States – 1,271,500 square kilometres
- South Georgia Marine Protected Area, United Kingdom – 1,070,000 square kilometres
- Coral Sea Commonwealth Marine Reserve, Australia – 989,842 square kilometres
- Chagos Marine Protected Area, British Indian Ocean Territory/Chagos Archipelago (British Overseas Territory) – 640,000 square kilometres
- Phoenix Islands Protected Area, Kiribati (Phoenix Islands) – 408,250 square kilometres
- Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia – 345,400 square kilometres
- Marianas Trench National Monument, Mariana Islands, United States – 250,000 square kilometres
- Macquarie Island Commonwealth Marine Reserve, Australia – 162,000 square kilometres
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will host the Our Ocean Conference in Washington D.C. on from September 15 to September 16 to further commit to actions to preserve ocean life.