26 April 2016
Once, Lake Chad was one of the largest lakes in the world but now the UN has reported that its reserved have been depleted by 90% over the last 50 years.
Bordering the countries of Chad, Niger and Cameroon, Lake Chad was once one of the largest freshwater lakes in Africa. Climate changes and heavy irrigation have been cited as reasons for the shrinkage. Other possible factors include local lack of water, crop failures, livestock deaths, collapsed fisheries, soil salinity, and increasing poverty throughout the region as well as deforestation in the area, leading to an overall drier climate.
If Lake Chad keeps shrinking, it will disappear and the results could be disastrous. It is a major source of water for many communities.