21 April 2016
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals. It is transmitted by the female Anopheles Mosquito that is infected.
About 3.2 billion people – almost half of the world’s population are at risk of malaria.
According to the World Health Organisation, malaria mortality rate, which takes into account population growth, is estimated to have decreased by 60% globally between 2000 and 2015.
It is important to prevent Malaria because it can be very fatal, and lead to yellow skin, seizures, cerebral malaria, coma, or death. It is also important to be able to identify the symptoms of Malaria.
What are the symptoms?
N.B: Symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten. If not properly treated, people may have recurrences of the disease months later.
How to prevent the disease; the risk of the disease can be reduced by doing the following:
– The most important way of preventing the disease is keeping your environment clean. By keeping your environment clean always, there is no avenue for mosquitoes to thrive. It is important to get rid of stagnant water near or in the house, clean up drainages regularly, dispose trash properly.
– The disease can also be prevented by making use of mosquito nets. Mosquito nets would prevent mosquitoes from coming near you.
– The use of insect repellents and strong insecticides will ward off mosquitoes.
– Anti-malaria drugs: Several medications are available to prevent malaria in travelers to areas where the disease is common. Medicine to prevent malaria is most effective if you take the recommended dosage exactly as prescribed and for the length of time required.