Image: wtop.com

Image: wtop.com

Migraine is an intense painful sensation on one part of the head. It could last between four hours to 72 hours and it could occur frequently within a month.

Migraine is extremely painful and it could change the victim’s mood at the snap of a finger. This may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or sound.

It is yet unclear to scientists what causes migraine in a victim, but more often, genetics and environmental factors have been fingered.

Weather can also trigger migraine in certain individuals. Age also has a role to play alongside sexuality.

Researchers have discovered that migraine occurs in-between adolescence and adulthood. Women experience migraine more than men do, but it occurs more in women who have yet to reach menopause.

Migraine can be clinically diagnosed by blood test; which will reveal blood vessel problems in the brain or in the spinal cord.

Other types of diagnosis include; CT scan, MRI and Lumbar Puncture.

There is no permanent cure yet for migraine; however, existing treatments are targeted at the prevention of a full blown migraine or the reduction of the severity of pain during an attack.

Prevention

To prevent attacks, people who are prone to migraine may do any of the following:

  • Get enough sleep
  • Reduce stress
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Avoid certain foods
  • Exercise Regularly

According to a report in medicalnewstoday, there are over-the-counter drugs that can reduce the intensity of migraine, these include:

Analgesics:

  • Over-the-counter medications such as naproxen, ibuprofen, acetaminophen (paracetamol), and other analgesics like Excedrin (aspirin with caffeine) are often the first abortive therapies to eliminate the headache or substantially reduce the pain.
  • Painkillers should be taken early rather than allowing the headache to develop.

Anti-depressants: such as tricyclics – are prescribed to reduce migraine symptoms although they are not approved in all countries for this purpose.

Ergots:

  • Another class of abortive treatment is called ergots, which are usually effective if administered at the first sign of a migraine.

Other drugs:

  • Combinations of barbiturates, paracetamol or aspirin, and caffeine (Fioricet or Fiorinal)
  • Combinations of acetaminophen, dichloralphenazone and isometheptene (Amidrine, Duradrin, and Midrin).
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Author: Dotun Obatuyi

My name is Dotun Obatuyi (Dotunoba), I hail from Osun state, a public health scientist (monitoring and evaluation specialist), my keen interests are researching, critiquing and writing feature articles on health, science and technology as well as issues around the globe.